Actually, I’m a guitar player too (author of Guitar Chords 1200 4.5 star reviews), so expect some articles on music, guitarists and album covers. Lovecraft.). Robert Louis Stevenson was a weak child as he was growing up and was prone to illnesses. His theme of writing was fiction and travel. the Victorian Age: on one side Jekyll represents the public face of the individual and is a respectable man; on the other side, at night in the bad areas of London, he is Mr Hyde, who represents the dark side present in all people. As a young boy, he was in support of the Covenanters movement which was held by a group of Protestant Churchmen that were ministered by and Elder and a group of Elders also known as the ‘Presbyterian Group’. His grandfather was Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh University, his father a civil engineer of over 40 prestigious lighthouses, so there were great expectations for the young Stevenson. Thomas Stevenson was a successful lighthouse engineer or a civil engineer in Edinburgh. These are undoubtedly good examples of what was characteristic of the age. Indeed the writers who could share his inclinations were relatively unknown to him: Arthur Machen, Algernon Blackwood, H.P. The work can also be seen as a Victorian morality story of unleashed sexual depravity or as an allegory for the double life of the Victorian … The period of her reign, from 1837 to 1901, became known as the Victorian Age. Looking at social class through a Robert Louis Stevenson's novel published in the Victorian era, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde shows how social class has build an strong idea in the way characters act and think. Lighthouse Engineering was their family business and Robert Louis Stevenson was expected to carry the same forward. The lifelong tension with his father provided much for Stevenson to explore in his writing, extending beyond the natural rebellion of youth, to deeper examinations of the conflict between the past and the present, and the superficiality of society undermined by the inherent ugliness of humankind. Stevenson was born in Edinburgh in 1850; he studied engineering and law in Edinburgh University, but he loved literature so he decided to become a writer. Stevenson’s place is secure in the Gothic Tradition but his impact was wider, both during his life and after. If Thackeray is our youth, Stevenson is our boyhood: and though this is not the most artistic thing in him, it is the most important thing in the history of Victorian art. The Victorian Period and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: A Time of Change The Victorian period is a time of scientific, economic and social change that took place from 1837 to 1901. The Strange Case of Jekyll and Hyde is an altogether darker story than most of his other novels, but an adventure springing from everyday life, it dwells on many of the same themes. Stevenson’s monster, however, is not artificially created from stitched-together body parts, but rather emerges fully formed from the dark side of the human personality. The Victorian Age is remarked by social and economic changes. In the years 1881 and 1882, Stevenson spent most of his time publishing essays in Switzerland. The Victorian era was the age of progress, stability and great social reforms but in the same time was characterised by poverty, injustice and social unrest (t ensioni sociali). Robert Louis Stevenson died on the 3rd of December 1894 at the young age of 44. The collection was called ‘Virginibus Puerisque’ and was published in 1881. The Victorian era is famous for its double standards and stringency which is exactly the subject matter of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Mary Shelley’s masterpiece Frankenstein had raised questions about superficiality, the role of humankind in creating the world around it, of responsibility and desire, but in Stevenson’s Jekyll was an everyday protagonist. Initially he consented to the study of engineering at the University of Edinbugh from 1867, but soon found the pull of literature to be too seductive. Andrew Noble, Robert Louis Stevenson (1983) Robert Kielty, Robert Louis Stevenson and the Fiction of Adventure (1965) Stevenson and Victorian Scotland , ed. In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. At about age 18, he changed the spelling of "Lewis" to "Louis", and he dropped "Balfour" in 1873. The Victorian Age is essentially the age of the novel or fiction. @jakejackson451, Robert Louis Stevenson: Master of Victorian Gothic, Born to respectable parents at the height of the British Empire, Stevenson’s ill health led him to spend much of his time reading, or being read to, frequently unable to join his peers at school. Robert followed her after a year, which made his family even more furious. He had a flair for writing since he was a young boy. He was in California without any money and ill. Robert Louis Stevenson. There are variant spellings of the name, including Stephenson. Letteratura straniera — File in lingua inglese riguardante storia e cultura del Victorian age: da Charles Dickens a Charles Darwin, The Late Victorian … The Victorian period spanned the reign of Queen Victoria, from 1837 to 1901. Green & co. was the publisher name. This text appears as the Life and Works biography in the Flame Tree Publishing 2015 edition of The Strange Case of Jekyll and Hyde. Robert Louis Stevenson died on the 3rd of December 1894 at the young age of 44. ‘The Fortnightly’, another influential 19th-century magazine published his review of ‘Fables in Song’ by Lord Lytton. Robert Louis Stevenson, one of the masters of the Victorian adventure story, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on November 13, 1850. It was an age of great contrasts because, on one hand it was a time of progress and social reforms, on the other hand a time of social injustices, poverty and hypocrisy. Longmans. As he grew into adulthood Stevenson’s conflicts with his parents – his father in particular, and all he stood for – intensified. The Victorian Double: Victorian Litterature. • It was very popular among the educated middle-classes; it reflected their values. He was widely read, and respected for the eloquence of his writing by many fellow writers: he corresponded with J.M. Many families came from the countryside to the industrial towns. Stevenson admired the economy of Henry James and Guy de Maupassant, reveled in the forboding gloom of Edgar Allan Poe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s critique of religion and the dark moments of the soul. It was a history based book with an old English dialect. Sharon Aronofsky Weltman's review of Cruising with Robert Louis Stevenson: Travel, Narrative, and the Colonial Body; Victorian Social and Political History: An Overview; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Victorian views of suicide; Science and Technology. Fanny rendered four terrible sins for the young Scot, any one of which would have secured his social damnation: she was American, married, had borne two children, and was 10 years his senior. The novel as a genre rose to entertain the rising middle class and to depict the contemporary life in a changing society. The characters used in the novella are an example of what Stevenson thought of London in Victorian times. The Victorian Age Robert Louis Stevenson Raffaele Nardella http://www.britannica.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/image-1.jpeg At the age of 17, he entered Edinburgh University and was expected to study engineering like his father. Based on a story about the double life of Deacon William Brodie – cabinet maker by day, but dissolute and thief by night – it scrutinizes puritanism, secrecy and hypocrisy, hinting at dark affronts to the public consciousness of proud Victorians, suggesting murder and egregious sexual acts, which some modern critics imbue with undercurrents of homosexuality; Oscar Wilde’s fate only a few years after Stevenson’s death show the perils of this latter imputation in the Victorian age. He took this excursion for the betterment of his health. Available here. Critical and Miscellaneous Prose. The living conditions in the slums were very sad. His early instincts for storytelling were clear, in spite of the best attempts of his family who expected him to pursue a career in science. In common with many artists, writers and musicians of the era Stevenson’s behaviour and interests were thought to be dangerously Bohemian, and in his case led to a scandalous outcome: he fell in love with Fanny Van De Grift Osbourne. A great deal of change took place during this period--brought about because of the Industrial Revolution; so it's not surprising that the literature of the period is often concerned with social reform. Moral views of people living around this time have changed imensely to the present. Stevenson is an English language patronymic surname meaning "son of Steven". He is best known for his ‘Treasure Island’ in 1881. He was often sick as a child, and respiratory troubles plagued him throughout his life. During this time, the Londonians witnessed how the quiet streets became crowded … Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde considered gothic novel set in the Victorian Era by Robert Louis Stevenson, who can be seen as ‘the last Victorian or the first Modernist’ author.Fusing an exploitive classism of Victorian age and the growing futile atmosphere of Modernism, Stevenson captures and exposes the lies of an oppressive and repressive society. ... Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. While the striving middle classes read great literature to their children, education had begun to snake its way through the working classes; the British Empire, with the Scots at its core, paraded itself as a moral and educating force to the world, exporting great industrial achievements in the form of the railway, the telegraph, and the mighty civil engineering projects – the ships, aqueducts and bridges. Famous magazines such as ‘The Portfolio’ and ‘Macmillan’s Magazine’ featured his essays – ‘Roads’ and ‘Ordered South’ in 1873 and 1874, respectively. He moved to France in 1883, he wrote ‘A Child’s Garden of Verses’ in the southern county of France whilst suffering from illnesses. Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. Stevenson’s single-minded dislike of authoritarianism provided the background to much of his writing. His time in England is also considered very fruitful. His grandfather was Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh University, his father a civil engineer of over 40 prestigious lighthouses, so there were great expectations for the young Stevenson. § 23. People had no normal houses and no water . Although a monumental letter writer and poet (A Child’s Garden of Verses in 1885), he is best known for his series of successful novels and short stories, Treasure Island (1883), Kidnapped (1886), Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886), and The Master of Ballantrae (1889). The Victorian age is the period of the reign of Queen Victoria. The Victorian era was the age of progress, stability and great social reforms but in the same time was characterised by poverty, injustice and social unrest (tensioni sociali).. VICTORIAN VALUES. Stevenson uses Mr. Hyde to show that Victorian people and society are imperfect and have dualities that Victorian values deny, ultimately leading to the destruction of the repressed person or society. Robert Louis Stevenson: Master of Victorian Gothic Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (1850–94) was born in a dank and cold Edinburgh, but travelled greatly in search of less brutal weather, finally to pass away in the temperate climes of Samoa. Robert Lewis/Louis Balfour Stevenson Occupation Novelist Born 13 November 1850, Edinburgh, Scotland Died 3 December 1894, Vailima, Samoan Islands Gender Male Literary period Victorian Genre Victorian … During the Victorian era, the importance of being highly regarded by one’s peers stemmed from attitudes associated with the word “respectable.” These essays had an encouraging tone and were liked by all readers. He studied, observed an imitated many famous writers of his time in prose as well as poetry. For today’s reader his reputation as a writer of adventure fiction is well established but as a poet, essayist, travel writer and masterful short story writer his range was great and varied. (This experience would be echoed only a few decades later by H.P. Stevenson reveals the beast within, insinuating the fear of the civilized man, that the inner neanderthal might rise and overcome this new found sophistication, and drag down the advancement of science and nationhood. His parents highly opposed the idea of him involving in a relationship with a married woman because of which she moved to California in 1878. The Victorian Age was an age of contrasts and social imbalance (progress and reforms vs poverty and social injustice). The book was a big hit from the moment of its appearance in January 1887. They have also lived in Lake City, SC and Oak Ridge, NJ. Stevenson’s poor health released him to think, create and write in a way that might otherwise have been denied. Theme and Technique . Characteristics of Victorian Literature. He frequently passed his summer vacations in France with his friends, who were mainly bohemians and artists. Moral views of people living around this time have changed imensely to the present. Longmans. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde considered gothic novel set in the Victorian Era by Robert Louis Stevenson, who can be seen as ‘the last Victorian or the first Modernist’ author.Fusing an exploitive classism of Victorian age and the growing futile atmosphere of Modernism, Stevenson captures and exposes the lies of an oppressive and repressive society. Although the novel had been in development since the 18th century with the works of Daniel Defoe, Henry Fielding, Laurence Sterne, Samuel Richardson and the others, it was in this period that the novel got mass acceptance and readership. All the other fine things he did were, for curious reasons, remote from the current of his age. Stevenson’s monster, however, is not artificially created from stitched-together body parts, but rather emerges fully formed from the dark side of the human personality. 1850–d. He was appreciated by many critics, Graham Balfour being one of them. The Victorian era is famous for its double standards and stringency which is exactly the subject matter of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. If Thackeray is our youth, Stevenson is our boyhood: and though this is not the most artistic thing in him, it is the most important thing in the history of Victorian art. Dr.Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a renowned work of Robert Louis Stevenson from the Victorian era. THE VICTORIAN AGE The Victorian age took its name from Queen Victoria. His parents were horrified at the prospect of their son relying on the unstable, and distasteful, pursuit of writing as career, so collectively they managed a compromise: Stevenson would study law instead. Above all the Victorian age was an age of fiction. • Queen Victoria was loved especially by the middle classes for her way of life and moral code. Victorian Context. The sail began from San Francisco and went on and on for about a year up to Samoa, an island in the South Pacific. Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (1850–94) was born in a dank and cold Edinburgh, but travelled greatly in search of less brutal weather, finally to pass away in the temperate climes of Samoa. The best result we found for your search is Dric L Stevenson age 60s in Victoria, TX. During the Victorian era, Britain could claim to be the world's superpower, despite social inequality at home and burgeoning industrial rivals overseas. Stevenson evidently was not fond of the late Victorian era’s large market for popular fiction. He died of the cerebral haemorrhage, that he developed at the later stage. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. His works are remembered and still read because of his wonderful portrayal of the sensations of childhood. BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD: The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21). The Victorian era was a time of many changes, advances, and difficulties in England. It was first published in 1866. There was a return of nature in English Prose of this age. The Stevenson’s were prosperous and Robert was their only child. A great deal of change took place during this period--brought about because of the Industrial Revolution; so it's not surprising that the literature of the period is often concerned with social reform. Victorian Era is seen as the link between Romanticism of the 18th century and the realism of the 20th century. Even though he suffered from long-term tuberculosis, it wasn’t the cause of his death. In 1876, Stevenson fell in love with Fanny Osbourne, an American lady who was a widow that had a son. Robert grew up as an unhealthy child which made his schooling difficult. This drew him more attention and he was known to be more of a writer and less of an engineer. Important in that era In his book, Stevenson shows the hypocrisy of Victorian society by using duality.The book gives a description of the split ‘outward respectability and inward lust’. SF & Fantasy | Fiction, Art, Movies, Music & More. Dric is related to Heather Stevenson and Keri Elizabeth Stevenson as well as 2 additional people. Victorian Era Jekyll and Hyde. However, Robert Louis Stevenson grew up as a creative child wanting to pursue Arts. Victorian novel and Dickens: riassunto. Pam Lock, University of Bristol. by Jenni Calder (1981) The Victorian era seems to be a time of many contradictions and secrets from the rest of society. Health Conditions of Robert Louis Stevenson, Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. Please enter your email address to receive occasional notifications. English literature - English literature - The post-Romantic and Victorian eras: Self-consciousness was the quality that John Stuart Mill identified, in 1838, as “the daemon of the men of genius of our time.” Introspection was inevitable in the literature of an immediately Post-Romantic period, and the age itself was as prone to self-analysis as were its individual authors. English literature - English literature - Late Victorian literature: “The modern spirit,” Matthew Arnold observed in 1865, “is now awake.” In 1859 Charles Darwin had published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. An excellent example is, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, by Robert Louis Stevenson, which gives a direct image of what Victorian era was like with his writing style as well as the story itself. The Victorian Age, Part Two. In his time, he was a popular author and associated with many of the most notable writers of the late Victorian period, although the elitism of some contemporary literary critics sought to bury him with the Romantics until his reputation was rescued in the twentieth century, as a skillful storyteller of the gothic and fantastic. Robert Louis Stevenson (b. Stevenson’s realistic fictional novella became a masterpiece due to its great influence on the way people think and act in the Victorian age. He became a celebrated, successful writer and finished his years in the Islands of Samoa, his life extinguished by a heart attack, at the relatively young age of 46. Introduction. VICTORIAN VALUES The Victorians were great moralisers. At the time of his death, he developed cerebral haemorrhage. In 1884, he, along with his family moved back to Britain because of the epidemic that broke out in the South of France. The Victorian Age is also known for the intense production of novels, however, in this case, Stevenson seemed to follow the other way around and surprise his public with a Gothic novella instead. In the towns was work for everyone because the Industrial Revolution had started. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis in his youth and the disease remained with him until the end. Often regarded as a children’s writer, this highlights a significant misunderstanding of the literature of the Victorian period. He was called to the bar in 1875, although never practised. POWERED BY THE X THEME for THESE FANTASTIC WORLDS. It was a complicated book and was less famous as compared to Treasure Island which was an adventurous tale filled with emotions of all kinds. But the gothic literature, from Dickens’ Bleak House to Oscar Wilde’s tale of excess and greed, The Portrait of Dorian Gray, explored the tension at the heart of Empire, of the conflict between the beast and the man within. Even though he suffered from long-term tuberculosis, it wasn’t the cause of his death. However, determined to follow his own path in life, eventually he travelled, at great cost to his health, to San Francisco, in 1880 and shortly after, married the then divorced Fanny Osbourne. Queen Victoria ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for more than 63 years. The growth of cities, a ready domestic market and … The plot of the story revolves around Dr. Jekyll’s mysterious medical potion that separates the two identities of human being through creating his evil double, Mr. Hyde. 1894) was born in Scotland and died in Samoa at the end of a life of travels, during which he produced novels, short stories, literary essays, poetry, drama, and travel writing. The work can also be seen as a Victorian morality story of unleashed sexual depravity or as an allegory for the double life of the Victorian homosexual. The Victorian Novel • The Novel had a big success in the Victorian Age because it reflected the great social changes of this period. Below is the detailed biography of Robert Louis Stevenson, a Scottish poet and essayist. The Victorian Age was an age of important social and political reforms, of technological and scientific progress, and Britain became the most powerful country in the world thanks to its colonial expansion. In 1882, while living in Davos, Switzerland, he was diagnosed with lung haemorrhages when he was working on short stories – Thrawn Janet and The Merry Men. Wells and many others), building his readership and tuning his methods: in 1881 Treasure Island was serialized before publication as a book and allowed Stevenson to forge one of his key techniques, of page-turning suspense: ‘No need for psychology or fine writing’ he would later say. R. L. Stevenson. He kept falling ill, however, he had great willpower. Illustration by Charles Raymond Macauley for the 1904 edition of The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. - The mid Victorian novel was linked to the persistence of romantic and gothic tradition, and to psychological vein for example Bronte sister and Stevenson. Another origin of the name is as a toponymic surname related to the place Stevenstone in Devon, England. Because the Victorian Era covers so many years, 1830 - 1900, it is usually broken down into the early Victorian, mid-Victorian, and late Victorian, each of which displays its own characteristics. Even Kidnapped uncoils alternative, dark futures for us, if we fall unexpectedly from our comfortable lives, into a grim world that runs in parallel to our own. Stevenson soon rebelled against this plan and reached a compromise with his father by pursuing legal studies. As with many late Victorian writers, from Arthur Machen to Oscar Wilde, the mood of hedonism and liberalism – the mode of the literate avant garde – had become attractive to those exposed to the diverse ideas of others. He lived in the county of Davos where he owned a small ‘Chalet’ or a ‘Shack’. Features, stories and podcasts, and a taste of the fiction to come. Patrick Brantlinger notes this, proposing the novel is, in fact, “an unconscious allegory about the commercialization of literature” (198). Its first historical record is from pre-10th-century England. During these times, he wrote ‘An Inland Voyage’ in 1878 and ‘Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes’ in the year 1879. Walter Peter: He was the most significant prose writer of the later Victorian era. The characters used in the novella are an example of what Stevenson thought of London in Victorian times. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. Volume XIV. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. This was the era of gothic exhortation, of intense recountings of grim fairy tales, full of bile and vitriol, the age of vivid storytelling. Stevenson was born at 8 Howard Place, Edinburgh, Scotland, on 13 November 1850 to Thomas Stevenson (1818–1887), a leading lighthouse engineer, and his wife Margaret Isabella (born Balfour, 1829–1897). His parents were Thomas Stevenson and Margaret Isabella Stevenson. Stevenson lived and wrote during the Victorian era, when Queen Victoria ruled England. He started working on his bestseller ‘Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ and ‘Kidnapped”””””. The grand streets above sought to flatten the landscape for their carriages and parties, with the great bridges of the industrial revolution, the pride of Scottish engineering. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. All the other fine things he did were, for curious reasons, remote from the current of his age. Green & co. was the publisher name. He spent many years in France. Cover of Scribner’s original 1886 edition. He wrote his first book inspired by the Covenanters movement – The Pentland Rising. The Victorian Era represents both spectrum of extremes: one side a sense of hope and optimism and the other a sense of fear and doom. The start of the ‘Treasure Island’ happened as a game with his stepson. Stevenson, son of a celebrated civil engineer, seemed naturally attuned to, and repulsed by, this contrast. Robert Louis Stevenson was born on the 13th of November, 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. Eventually, he married her in early 1880’s in San Francisco, United States. In 1885, after finishing Treasure Island, he started ‘Prince Otto’. However his mind was saturated by the works of, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Virgil Finlay: Master of Dark Fantasy Illustration, Clark Ashton Smith: Master of Gothic, Pulp and SF Classics, Robert Bloch: Master of Psychological Terror, Algernon Blackwood: Master of Supernatural Fiction, William Hope Hodgson: Master of Weird Fiction, Arthur Machen: Master of Supernatural Horror, Charles Brockden Brown: First American Gothic, Myths and Legends: Origins and Traditions, H.P. The Victorian era seems to be a time of many contradictions and secrets from the rest of society.

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